The town of Crato became the headquarters of the powerful Order of the Templars around 1350. Such was the prestige of the town that D. Manuel I and D. João III were married there. In 1662, the Spanish looted and burned down the town and it was never the same again.  2 km north stands the imposing monastery and church of Flor da Rosa. It was built in 1356 by the Prior of Crato, father of D. Nuno Álvares Pereira, and it was adapted and restored as a guesthouse. It is considered one of the jewels of the Alto Alentejo region.