1 - Luis de Camoes History Portugal

Luís Camões is one of the most distinguished poets and iconic figures of Portuguese literature. Born between 1524/1525, he died on June 10, 1580 (Portugal Day). Little is known about his childhood and youth besides the fact that he probably studied at the University of Coimbra. Luís de Camões, author of “Os Lusíadas” the great Portuguese epic that depicts the discovery of the sea route to India by Vasco da Gama and the various and troubled episodes of this odyssey, as well as several other milestones in the history of Portugal, clearly commends the Portuguese people. This epic consists of 10 cantos and is divided into four parts. In the first, the proposition, the poet introduces his piece of work and the heroic Portuguese people; in the invocation part, the poet asks the nymphs of the Tagus to give him inspiration for writing the book; in its dedication, Camões dedicates his work to D. Sebastião and finally, in the narrative, the poet presents the narrative of the journey.
The grandeur of this work lies not only with the genius of the poet’s writing in using paired cross-octave stanzas and rhymes, but also in the different views he addresses: the history of Portugal, where he describes various episodes; mythology, in which the poet evokes some gods and characters from Greek and Roman mythology; and on a personal level, where Camões reveals his admiration for the heroic Portuguese people.
“Os Lusíadas” is undoubtedly one of Portugal’s most important literary works. Interested in reading some of these in other languages? See here!